α1-Microglobulin (A1M) Turbidimetric Immunoassay Kit

α1-Microglobulin (A1M) Turbidimetric Immunoassay Kit

SKU: 51900
  • INTRODUCTION

    α1-Microglobulin (A1M), also known as Protein HC, is a type of small globular protein containing 167 amino acids, which can be found in bloodstream and extravascular tissues of all organs. It is produced mainly in the liver and is broken down in the kidney. This low molecular weight protein can be filtered by the glomerulus and reabsorbed and catabolized by the proximal tubular cells.

    The level of A1M is useful in screening for tubular abnormalities and detection of chronic asymptomatic renal tubular dysfunction. In healthy subjects, the concentration of A1M is < 30 mg/L in serum, or the ratio of A1M and creatinine in the urine is over 0.7 mg/mmol. Higher than this range is indicative of renal dysfuction, including acute kidney failure, glomerular disease and diabetic nephropathy?

    IMD A1M PETIA kit can accurately measure A1M in human serum, plasma and urine samples.

  • PRINCIPLE OF THE ASSAY

    This assay is a turbidimetric immunoassay for the quantitative measurement of A1M in human serum and plasma.  A standard or sample is added into a cuvette and mixed with the reaction buffer R1. After a short incubation, the test reagent R2, which is a suspension of microparticles coated with A1M antibodies, is added into the cuvette and mixed. The presence of A1M in the standard or sample causes the immune-particles to aggregate. The extent to which the microparticles aggregate is quantified by the amount of light scattering measured as absorbance by a chemistry analyzer. The concentration of A1M in unknown samples can be interpolated from a reference curve using the standards provided.

  • PERFORMANCE OF THE KIT

    TYPICAL STANDARD CURVE

    A1M (mg/L)

    Absorbance (570 nm)

    0

    -0.0098

    6

    0.0450

    12

    0.0950

    25

    0.2185

    50

    0.3345

    100

    0.4376

  • ASSAY PROCEDURE

    Assay procedures may vary depending on the automated chemistry analyzer to be used. A general example of assay procedures is stated as follow:

    1. Dispense 150µl of R1 into a clean cuvette

    2. Add 1.5µl of sample and incubate at 37˚C for 5 minutes

    3. Further add 50µl of R2

    4. Read change of absorbance at Main Wavelength 570 nm for 8 minutes after the addition of R2

    5. Calculate the concentration of A1M in unknown sample by interpolation from a reference curve using the standards provided

  • PACKING SPECIFICATIONS

    Cat. No.

    Size

    Approximately tests

    51900-05

    R1: 15ml, R2: 5ml

    100

    51900-10

    R1: 30ml, R2: 10ml

    200

    51900-20

    R1: 60ml, R2: 20ml

    400

    51900-50

    R1: 150ml, R2: 50ml

    1000

    51900-100

    R1: 300ml, R2: 100ml

    2000

    For bulk order, please enquire

  • OTHER MATERIALS REQUIRED

    Product           

    Catalog           Number

    Format

    Method

    Calibrator                 

    51900-S1

    5 x 1ml

     

    Control

    51900-C1

    2 x 1ml

     

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